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There are several options for setting up CI (continuous integration) for PHP.  Some of your options include Hudson (now owned by Oracle), Jenkins (the fork from Hudson), PHPUnderControl, and CruiseControl to name a few. While they each have their strengths, I wanted something that would be easy to use and have a company backing.  Through my searching I found TeamCity.

Team City is free to use for you first 20 build configurations (that is the only limit), after that you could make a new server to service your additional builds or actually pay for it.

This part of the two part series will cover the setup and configuration of TeamCity in the following sections below:

  1. Post setup
  2. Installing TeamCity
  3. Configuring TeamCity
  4. Configuring Apache to Redirect to Teamcity

Post Setup

This section will cover the various things that need to be setup on our server before we can install and configure TeamCity.

Apt-get Installs

To begin, we need to install several packages using apt-get (you could also use aptitude if you want).  These installs will cover PHP, Apache, subversion, and other libraries/applications.  To install each of these packages below simply type “sudo apt-get install <package-name>

  • ant
  • build-essential
  • libtcnative-1 (this installs the Apache APR module)
  • openssl
  • php-pear
  • php5
  • php5-cli
  • php5-curl
  • php5-dev
  • subversion

Installing Java JDK 6

Java no longer is included with Ubuntu out of the box and only OpenJDK is in the package repository.  This creates a problem as TeamCity doesn’t work with OpenJDK.  However, it will work with Java JDK 6 (update 32) at the time of this posts writing.  Fortunately, installing Java from Oracle is rather painless, but you will need sudo to do these commands.

  1. Download the latest  JDK 6 Update from here (I use the .bin files as they are the easiest to install, so grab one of those, either x86 or x64 depending on your architecture).
  2. Go to where you downloaded the the bin file and make it executable by doing the following
    chmod +x jdk-6u32-linux-x64.bin
  3. Run the binary.  This will extract the files into a directory like jdk1.6.0_32
  4. Create a directory to put java in
    mkdir /usr/lib/jvm
  5. Move the java directory to the new on and rename it to something nicer
    mv jdk1.6.0_32 /usr/lib/jvm/java-6
  6. Inform ubutnu of the new java install
    update-alternatives --install "/usr/bin/java" "java" "/usr/lib/jvm/java-6/bin/java" 1
    update-alternatives --install "/usr/bin/javac" "javac" "/usr/lib/jvm/java-6/bin/javac" 1
    update-alternatives --install "/usr/bin/javaws" "javaws" "/usr/lib/jvm/java-6/bin/javaws" 1
  7. For each of the lines above you will need to configure the default  to use by executing the following lines and choosing the path to your new java install from the given list.  Note that if this is your only install of java for this system, you can skip this step.
    update-alternatives --config java
    update-alternatives --config javac
    update-alternatives --config javaws
  8. Now we need to add the JAVA_HOME variable to our environment and update the PATH variable.   Edit /etc/environment and add the following line to the top
  9. Add the following lines to the end of /etc/profile
    export JAVA_HOME
    export PATH
  10. Reconnect to your ssh session or restart your terminal to update the profile settings and test that java and javac are on the path by issuing the following commands
    java --version
    javac --version

    You  should get output for each of these commands.

Installing the Pear Tools for PHP CI

For this setup, TeamCity is going to be using a fair number of PHP tools in it ant script.  We will be using the following PHP tools

  • PHP Codesniffer
  • PHP Copy And Past Detector
  • PHP Dead Code Detector
  • PHP Depend
  • PHP Documentor 2
  • PHP Mess Detector
  • PHP Unit

As you can see there are quite a few to install; however, it is relatively painless to do so (again you will need sudo to do this).

  1. Update the pear channel
    pear channel-update
  2. Update Pear
    pear update pear
  3. Discover the needed pear channels
    pear channel-discover
    pear channel-discover
    pear channel-discover
    pear channel-discover
    pear channel-discover
    pear channel-discover
    pear channel-discover
  4. Install the pear modules
    pear install bartlett/PHP_CompatInfo
    pear install --alldeps phpunit/PHPUnit
    pear install --alldeps PHP_Codesniffer
    pear install pdepend/PHP_Depend-beta
    pear install phpmd/PHP_PMD
    pear install phpunit/phpcpd
    pear install phpunit/phpdcd-beta
    pear install phpdoc/phpDocumentor-alpha

Installing TeamCity

This section covers the download and installation of TeamCity and the changes we need to make before first launch.


  1. Go to the TeamCity website here and select your os and click download.  If you are using command line, you can use wget -c
  2. Unpack your download
    tar -xvf TeamCity-7.0.2a.tar.gz
  3. Move your new directory to an appropriate place (I prefer the opt directory)
    mv TeamCity-7.0.2a /opt/TeamCity
  4. Set the permissions for the directory (we are going to run as www-data, not root)
    chown -R www-data /opt/TeamCity
  5. Create the following script called teamcity in /etc/init.d  (vim /etc/init.d/teamcity)
    # /etc/init.d/teamcity -  startup script for teamcity
    export TEAMCITY_DATA_PATH="/opt/TeamCity/.BuildServer"
    case $1 in
    start-stop-daemon --start  -c www-data --exec /opt/TeamCity/bin/ start
    start-stop-daemon --start -c www-data  --exec  /opt/TeamCity/bin/ stop
    exit 0

    The above script is from Johannes Rudolph’s Blog and modified to fit my configuration

  6. Add the script to the startup routine
    update-rc.d teamcity defaults

Before First Launch

There is not much you can configure before the first launch of TeamCity; however, we can configure what port it is going to use.  For this installation I intend to authenticate off of Active Directory and I do not want those accounts going over the wire in plain text so SSL needs to be configured.

  1. Edit the server.xml
    vim /opt/TeamCity/conf/server.xml
  2. In the section for SSL connector add the following connector (you can find this section by searching for SSL)
    <Connector port="8443" protocol="HTTP/1.1" SSLEnabled="true"
    maxthreads="150" scheme="https" secure="true"
    SSLCertificateChainFile="/path/to/cert/chain.crt" />

    If you have a self generated certificate you probably do not have a chain file, so you can leave that attribute out.

Creating the Data Directory

  1. Start the server
    /etc/init.d/teamcity start
  2. Open a web browser and navigate to (if you don’t have a DNS entry for your machine go to https://localhost:8443 or https://yourServersIP:8443)
  3. You should see a screen saying this is the first run for the server and asking if you want to proceed.  Obviously we do, so click Proceed
  4. Next it will show you the EULA which you will need to accept
  5. Now you will see a form asking you to fill out the information for the admin user.  Stop here and shutdown the server
    /etc/init.d/teamcity stop

Configuring TeamCity

This section will cover connecting TeamCity to an external database (in this case PostgreSQL) and having TeamCity authenticate against LDAP

Connecting TeamCity To PostgreSQL

  1. Navigate to the place where JDBC database drivers are stored for TeamCity
    cd /opt/TeamCity/.BuildServer/lib/jdbc/
  2. Download the latest PostgreSQL JDBC driver from hereor use wget like so
    wget -c
  3. Make www-data the owner of the file
    chown www-data postgresql-9.1-901.jdbc4.jar
  4. Make the file executable
    chmod +x postgresql-9.1-901.jdbc4.jar
  5. Connect to your PostgreSQL server and use the following SQL to create the TeamCity user account
    CREATE USER TeamCityUser WITH PASSWORD 'something _secret';
  6. Create a database and set it’s owner to the new user using the SQL statement below
  7. Go to TeamCitiy’s config directory in the data directory
    cd /opt/TeamCity/.BuildServer/config
  8. Copy the template database file for PostgreSQL to make it the database config file to use
  9. Edit file and set the following lines

    If you where connecting to a server at and using database TeamCity with account appAccount and password P@455W0rd, it would look like this


    Notice that there are not quotes.  The reason for this is TeamCity automatically quotes the values for you.  If you add quotes, it will fail authentication.

Authenticating to LDAP

Authenticating against LDAP is pretty easy; however, it gets a bit tricky when you want to use a secure connection (LDAP with SSL).  In the following sections I will show you how to install the SSL certificate from an Active Directory domain controller and how to configure TeamCity to use LDAPS.

Importing the LDAPS Certificate

Before we can authenticate using LDAPS, we have to import the certificate that the domain controller is using so Java will trust it.  Method 1 is pretty easy to do and relatively painless, but does require you to download an additional Java tool.  If you do not want to install any additional Java tools and you have access to the DC.  You can manually export the certificate from each DC and import tem into the Java keystore  using Method 2.

Method 1: Using InstallCert and Keytool

  1. Download the InstallCert tool created by Andreas Sternbenz from here
  2. If you do not have unzip installed, install it using
    apt-get install unzip
  3. unzip the tool
  4. Move the contents to your java bin directory
    mv InstallCert* $JAVA_HOME/jre/bin
  5. Acquire the cert from your AD servers like so (note port for LDAPS is usually 636)
    java InstallCert
    • If you are prompted for anything, just hit enter to continue
    • If you have more than one server you intended to use for LDAPS authentication, repeat this step
  6. This process will create a file called jssecacerts.  We now want to import this file into our existing cacert file like so
    keytool --importkeystore -srckeystore jssecacerts -destkeystore $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security/cacerts -noprompt

    You will be prompted for the password to the cacerts keystore and the jssecacerts keystore.  Enter the password changeit
    Once this is done, you should see a status message saying something around 78 entries where imported.

Method 2: Exporting the Cert from AD and Importing it With Keytool

  1. From a Windows workstation open a run prompt (windows key + r)
  2. Enter mmc and press ok
  3. Go to File -> Add/Remove Snapin..
  4. From the “Available snap-ins” list on the left select “Certificates”
  5. Click the “Add >” button to add Certificates to the Selected snap-ins list on the right
  6. Select “Computer Account” from the options.
  7. Select Local computer if you are on the serve that has the certificate, else select “Another Computer” and enter the host name for the domain controller to get the certificate from
  8. Click finish
  9. Click OK
  10. Expand Certificates folder under Console Root and expand the Personal folder
  11. Click the Certificates folder
  12. Right click the certificate you want to export
  13. Go to All Tasks -> Export
  14. Click Next
  15. Select “Yes, export the private key”
  16. Click Next
  17. Select “Personal Information Exchange – PKCS #12(.PFX)” and check “Export all extended properties” if you can.  If you cannot, select PKCS #7 option above this one, and check the check box below it.
  18. Enter a name for the file
  19. Click ok.  You should now have the server cert
  20. Move the cert to your Linux server using WinSCP or some other file transfer tool
  21. Import the cert by typing
    keytool --import -keystore $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security/cacerts -file /path/to/your/cert/file
  22. Enter the password of changeit for the cacerts keystore
  23. If prompted to “Trust this certificate?” type yes and press enter

Setting up the LDAPS Connection

To configure TeamCity to LDAPS for authentication is pretty simple by this point, you simple need to do the following

  1. Edit /opt/TeamCity/.BuildServer/config/main-config.xml and replace the following line
    <login-module class="jetbrains.buildServer.serverSide.impl.auth.DefaultLoginModule" />


    <login-module class="jetbrains.buildServer.serverSide.impl.auth.LDAPLoginModule" />
  2. copy the file to or just create the file and go to the next step.
  3. Edit and set the following lines.  If you just created the file, then just set it to the contents below
    # The server(s) to auth against 
    # The account to use to search for accounts in LDAP and read their data,CN=Users,DC=example,DC=com 
    # The base dn to use when searching for users (if your accounts are all over, just leave it blank) 
    # Handles setting the user name.  acceptedLogin has Teamcity use the username in LDAP.  You should use 
    # this if you cannot filter your usernames because of how they are constructed 
    # Sets the username in team city to the one in LDAP 
    # Disallow slashes and @s in the username given at login 
    # Synchronize the user against ldap (this runs every hour) 
    # Filter what users to match in sync 
    # Don't sync groups 
    # Don't create or delete users during synchronization. 
    # The time interval between synchronizations (in milliseconds). By default, it is one hour. 
    teamcity.options.syncTimeout = 3600000 
    # The name of LDAP attribute to retrieve user's full name 
    # The name of LDAP attribute to retrieve user's email 
    # Tell team city to only sync users in team city against LDAP (if you have a lot of users in LDAP, this should be turned on). 
    # Only look at 100 users at a time 
  4. Set www-data as the owner of the file
    chown www-data
  5. Start the server
    /etc/init.d/teamcity start
  6. Navigate to the TeamCity site in your browser
  7. The server will say that the configuration has changed and that it needs a code from the log file.  Get the last ten lines from the server log to get the code.
    tail /opt/TeamCity/logs/teamcity-server.log
  8. The code should be in the output.  Copy this code and past it into the field in your browser and click proceed
  9. You will now be prompted to login.  The account you do this initial login with will be an administrative account.

Configuring Apache to Redirect to Teamcity

This section will cover how to setup Apache to take a url like and redirect it to  Users do not want to remember port numbers, so this will be a welcome step for them.  Also if you setup your DNS records correctly, you could even make the teamcity site something like

This section assumes you have setup Apache to use SSL.

  1. Enable the proxy module
    a2enmod proxy
  2. Enable the rewrite module
    a2enmod rewrite
  3. Edit the load file for the proxy module
    vim /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/proxy.load
  4. Add the following lines
    LoadModule proxy_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/
    LoadModule proxy_http_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/
    LoadModule headers_module /usr/lib/apache2/modules/
  5. Edit the default site to redirect all traffic to SSL
    vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/default
  6. Add the following lines
    RewriteEngine on
    RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} ^80$
    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{SERVER_NAME}$1 [L,R]
    RewriteLogLevel 2
  7. Edit the SSL site file
    vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/default-ssl
  8. Add the following lines
    ProxyPass /teamcity https://localhost:8443/teamcity
    ProxyPassReverse /teamcity https://localhost:8443/teamcity
  9. Move the web directory of TeamCity to a directory that will work for this
    mv /opt/TeamCity/webapps/ROOT /opt/TeamCity/webapps/teamcity
  10. Restart Apache
    /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
  11. Open a web browser and navigate to
  12. At this point you should be looking at the login window for TeamCity

Installing OCI8 on Ubuntu

If you are planning on using the oracle functions in PHP, you will need to install OCI8. Before you begin you will need to create an account with oracle or have access to the instant client basic install file and sdk file for your linux architecture.

Prerequisites for installing OCI8

  • sudo (you will be doing the command line parts as sudo).
  • An account on the oracle  website so you can download the instant client files.
  • A working Apache and PHP installation.

Installing the Oracle Instant Client Files

  1. Download the Oracle Instant Client for Linux (Both the Basic and SDK versions) from here.  Make sure you choose the correct architecture for your Ubuntu installation (32bit is x86, 64bit is x86_64).
  2. Copy the files just downloaded to your Ubuntu server using scp or the WinSCP application for windows.
  3. ssh into your ubuntu server using your favorite ssh client
  4. Install PECL, PHP Development files, Build Essential, Unzip, and the AIO Library
    apt-get install php-pear php5-dev build-essential unzip libaio1
  5. Create the oracle directory
    mkdir /opt/oracle
  6. Move the downloaded files
    mv instantclient-* /opt/oracle
  7. Unzip the files using the unzip command (unzip <filename>)
  8. Rename the created directory
    mv instantclient_11_2 instantclient
  9. cd into the instant client directory and create the following soft links
    ln -s
    ln -s
  10. cd to  /opt
  11. set the permissions on the directory
    chown -R root:www-data /opt/oracle
  12. Add the instant client to the the ld config files
    echo /opt/oracle/instantclient > /etc/
  13. Update the Dynamic Linker Run-Time Bindings

Installing OCI 8 and Configuring Apache

  1. Install OCI8 using PECL
    pecl install 0ci8
  2. When you are pompted for the client location enter the following:
  3. Add the extension to the php.ini files
    echo >> /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini
    echo >> /etc/php5/cli/php.ini
  4. Restart Apache
    /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
  5. Verify the installation of the OCI8 library by creating a simple phpinfo page.
    touch info.php; echo "<?php phpinfo(); ?>" > info.php
  6. Navigate to the page using your favorite web browser and confirm the OCI8 section is present.

Although the libraries to work with Microsoft SQL Server used to be included with PHP, this is no longer the case. If you are using an IIS server, Microsoft has been gracious enough to provide drivers that use the native SQL client called SqlSrv; however, Linux users do not have access to this driver. To work with SQL Server 2008 on linux, you will need to install the FreeTDS libraries.

Installation and Configuration of FreeTDS

Note: You will need sudo access to do this procedure

  1. Install the Sysbase library for PHP (FreeTDS is provided with this)
    sudo apt-get install php5-sybase
  2.  Configure the freetds.conf file to use version 8.0 (this is necessary to work with MSSQL 2008, if you do not do this you will encounter odd behavior)
    sudo vim /etc/freetds/freetds.conf
  3. Change this line under the [global] section
    ;       tds version = 4.2


    tds version = 8.0
  4. Restart Apahce
    sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Redmine is a robust project management solution for software development teams to use.  Some of the features that Redmine offers are SVN integration, Issue tracking, RSS feeds, and LDAP Authentication.  Below I will detail the installation process, and pre-installation requirements for setting up and configuring your own Redmine server.

Before we begin though you should be comfortable with the following:

  • linux command line
  • using sudo
  • using vim or vi (we are not doing much, just editing and saving)

For this tutorial, all commands are done using superuser (sudo su), or you can prefix sudo to each command.

Package Installations

Optional Installs

Since this tutorial is for a completely new install of Ubuntu with no additional packages selected during installation, there are a few packages that need to be installed.

Install Vim

Throughout this tutorial, I will be using vim to edit files.  If you are unfamiliar with vim or vi you may want to use another file editor.

  1. Install Vim
    apt-get install vim

Install SSH

If SSH has not been installed on the Ubuntu server you are using, it is recommend that you install it.  Although not necessary, it makes the rest of the tutorial easier.

  1. Install SSH
    apt-get install ssh
  2. Configure SSH to deny root logon.
    vim /etc/ssh/sshd_config

    Change the line

    PermitRootLogin yes


    PermitRootLogin no
  3. Restart SSH
    /etc/init.d/sshd restart

Now you will be able to connect to your Ubuntu server using an ssh client like putty.

Required Installs

Since Redmine will be working with subversion, Apache, PostgreSQL (you can use MySQL if you like), ruby, rails, passenger, etc; there are a lot of packages to install.

Apt-get Installs

  1. Install the following packages using apt-get install
    • apache2-threaded-dev
    • build-essential
    • libapache2-mod-passenger
    • libapache2-mod-perl2
    • libapache2-svn
    • libapache-dbi-perl
    • libauthen-simple-ldap-perl
    • libcurl4-openssl-dev
    • libdbd-pg-perl
    • libdbd-pg-ruby1.8
    • libdigest-sha1-perl
    • libgemplugin-ruby1.8
    • libmagick9-dev
    • libruby1.8-extras
    • php5
    • php5-curl
    • php5-dev
    • php5-pgsql
    • postgresql
    • rails
    • rake
    • ruby1.8-dev
    • rubygems1.8
    • sendmail
    • subversion

Gem Installs

Redmine runs with ruby on rails and uses several ruby gems.  To install these gems, run the following commands.

  1. gem install rails -v=2.3.5
  2. gem install rack -v=1.0.1 (should been installed by the previous command)
  3. gem install rmagick
  4. gem install passenger
  5. gem install pg
  6. gem install -v=0.4.2 i18n

Redmine Install

This section details the installation and configuration setups for the command line part the installation.

PostgreSQL database setup

  1. Sudo as the user postgres and connect to the default database
    sudo –u postgres psql postgres
  2. Create the redmine database user “redmine”
  3. Create the database for Redmine called redmine
  4. Exit out of psql

Installing Redmine Files

  1. Create the Redmine install directory
    mkdir /opt/redmine
  2. Checkout the stable Redmine installation
    svn co /opt/redmine
  3. Enter the Redmine installation directory
    cd /opt/redmine
  4. Setup permissions for Apache
    chown -R www-data:www-data files log tmp public/plugin_assets/
    chmod -R 755 files log tmp public/plugin_assets/

Configure the Redmine Database Settings

  1. Change directory to the config directory
    cd /opt/redmine/config
  2. Create the database configuration file
    cp database.yml.example database.yml
  3. Edit the database configuration file
    vim database.yml
  4. Make the production setting look like this
      adapter: postgresql
      database: redmine
      host: localhost
      username: redmine
      password: your_redmine_database_password
      encoding: utf8
  5. Save the file (press esc, type :wq, press enter)

Configure the Redmine Email Settings

  1. Change directory to the config directory
    cd /opt/redmine/config
  2. Create the email configuration file
    cp email.yml.example email.yml
  3. Edit the email configuration file
    vim email.yml
  4. Make the production setting look like this
      #port: 25
      #user_name: ""
      #password: "redmine"
  5. Save the file

Setup the Redmine Database

  1. Change directory to /opt/redmine
    cd /opt/redmine
  2. Generate the session store
    rake generate_session_store
  3. Migrate the database (this is a command to run)
    RAILS_ENV=production rake db:migrate
  4. Load the default information into the database
    RAILS_ENV=production rake redmine:load_default_data
  5. You will be prompted for what language you would like to use.  Press enter for English.
  6. Press Enter again

Apache Configuration

Setup passenger

  1. Enable Passenger
    a2enmod passenger
  2. Edit the Passenger configuration file
    vim /etc/apache2/mods-available/passenger.conf
  3. Add the line
    PassengerDefaultUser www-data

Link the file

  1. Change directory to Apaches perl module directory
    cd /usr/lib/perl5/Apache
  2. Create a softlink to the file
    ln -s /opt/redmine/extra/svn/

Link to the Redmine public folder

  1. Change directory to the document root for Apache
    cd /var/www
  2. Create a softlink to the public folder of redmine
    ln -s /opt/redmine/public redmine

Create the SVN Repositories Directory and Set Permissions

  1. Create the repository directory
    mkdir -p /var/svn/repos
  2. Set permissions for Apache
    chown -R www-data:root /var/svn

Create a SSL Certificate for the Site

If your site already has a signed SSL certificate from a legitimate certificate authority, you can skip this part of the tutorial.

  1. Create a self signed ssl cert
    openssl req -new -x509 -days 365 -nodes -out /etc/ssl/certs/cert.pem -keyout /etc/ssl/certs/cert.pem
  2. Enter in your information companies’ for each prompt, or accept the defaults

Enable Needed Apache Modules and Create the Redmine Site

  1. Enable the following Apache modules using the a2enmod command
    • dav_svn
    • perl
    • ssl
    • rewrite
  2. Create the Redmine site file
  3. vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/redmine
  4. Set the contents of the redmine site file to
  5. <VirtualHost _default_:443>
         ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
         DocumentRoot /var/www
         PerlLoadModule Apache::Redmine
         PerlLoadModule Authen::Simple::LDAP
         # PerlLoadModule IO::Socket::SSL
         RailsEnv production
         RailsBaseURI /redmine
        <Directory /opt/redmine/public>
             Options FollowSymLinks
             AllowOverride none
             Order deny,allow
             Allow from all
        #This holds the configuration for the web accessible svn     
        <Location /svn>
            DAV svn
            SVNParentPath "/var/svn/repos"
            AuthType Basic
            AuthName redmine
            Require valid-user
            PerlAccessHandler Apache::Authn::Redmine::access_handler
            PerlAuthenHandler Apache::Authn::Redmine::authen_handler
            RedmineDSN "DBI:Pg:dbname=redmine;host=localhost"
            RedmineDbUser "redmine"
            RedmineDbPass "your_redmine_password"
            RedmineCacheCredsMax 50
        #Used by reposman.rb to create repos for new Redmine projects 
        <Location /sys>
            Order deny,allow
            Allow from,
            Deny from all
        SSLEngine on
        SSLCertificateFile /etc/ssl/certs/cert.pem
        SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/ssl/certs/cert.pem
  6. Save the file
  7. Restart Apache (if all is good, Apache should start without error)
    /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Setup Automatic Subversion Repository Creation

  1. Make the Redmine log file location
    mkdir /var/log/redmine
  2. Create the log file
    touch /var/log/redmine/reposman_errors.log
  3. Edit the Crontab (you may want to make a backup first)
    crontab -e
  4. Select an editor from the presented list (I selected nano, number 2)
  5. Add this line to the bottom of the file (this is one continuous line broken up for readability),  This line tells the cron to run this job every minute.
    * * * * * ruby /opt/redmine/extra/svn/reposman.rb -r https://your_server_ip/redmine -s
    /var/svn/repos -o www-data --url file:///var/svn/repos >>
    /var/log/redmine/reposman_errors.log #Add new repos for projects
  6. Press Ctrl + O to save the file
  7. Press Enter to confirm the file name
  8. Press Ctrl + X to exit nano

Optional Configurations

Disable Directory Browsing in Apache

We do not want people to be able to browse the files in our webroot, so let’s block that.

  1. Edit the default site configuration file
  2. vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/default
  3. Under the <Directory /var/www> section add a – infront of the word Indexes so the line looks like this
    Options -Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
  4. Do the same for /etc/apache2/sites-available/default-ssl
  5. Restart Apache
    /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS

  1. Edit the default site configuration file
    vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/default
  2. Add the following lines after the DocumentRoot statement (do not change SERVER_NAME or SERVER_PORT, they are variables)
    RewriteEngine on
    RewriteCond   %{SERVER_PORT} ^80$
    RewriteRule   ^(.*)$ https://%{SERVER_NAME}$1 [L,R]
    RewriteLogLevel 2
  3. Restart Apache
    /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Configuring The Rest of Redmine Via a Web Browser

  1. Open Firefox or you favorite browser and navigate to https://yourIPAddress/redmine.  For example, should see this page:
    "The Redmine Uconfigured Main Page"

Change the admin account information (defaults are bad!)

  1. Click the “sign in” link in the upper right corner of the page.
  2. Sign in with the following credentials
    username: admin
    password: admin
  3. Click the “Administration” link in the upper left part of the page
  4. Click the “Users” link
  5. Click the username (which is a link) of the admin user
  6. Change the accounts information (especially the password)
  7. Click the save button

Configure the Redmine Server Settings

  1. After signing in as a user with administrator rights, click the “Administration” link in the upper left part of the screen
  2. Click the Settings link
  3. Under the General tab
    1. Change Host Name and Path from localhost:3000 to (ex.
    2. Change Protocol from HTTP to HTTPS
    3.  Click the Save button
  4. Under the Authentication tab
    1. Check “Authentication Required”
    2. Check “Enable REST Web Service”
    3. Change Minimum Password Length from 4 to 8
    4. Click the Save button
  5. Under the Projects tab
    1. Change the “Role given to non-admin users who creates a project” from “–Please Select–” to Manager
    2. Click the Save button
  6. Under the Email Notifications tab
    1. Change the “http://hostname/my/account&#8221; part in the “Emails footer” field to https://yourSeverAddress/redmine/my/account (for example:
    2. Click the Save button
  7. Under the Repositories tab
    1. Check “Enable WS for repository management”
    2. Check “Filesystem”
    3. Click the Save button

Add LDAP Authentication (Optional)

  1. Click the Administration link in the upper left corner of the page
  2. Click the LDAP Authentication link
  3. Click the New Authentication Mode link
  4. Fill out the form as shown below, substituting in your own Active Directory domain information.  Do not alter the values for the Attributes section, these are domain type specific.
  5. If you want to manually create users who authenticate against AD, then uncheck “On-the-fly  user Creation”, else their account will be created on the first login attempt.
  6. Click the Create button.  If all went well, you should be able to authenticate against Active Directory.
  7. When creating new accounts, you will now have to select what authentication source you want to use.

Creating Your First Redmine Project

  1. Click the Projects link in the upper left corner of the page
  2. Click the New Project link
  3. Enter a Name for the project
  4. Enter a Identifier for the project
  5. The identifier is user to access your svn repository, so if you have an identifier of tstprj your
  6. repository will be available at https://yourServer/svn/tstprj
  7. If you want a private project, only accessible by the members of the project, uncheck Public
  8. Click the Save button
  9. Click the Projects link in the upper left corner of the page
  10. Click the link to the project you just made
  11. Click the Settings link
  12. Click the Members tab
  13. Select the members you would like to add and their role for the project form the list on the left
  14. Click the Add button
  15. Ignore repository tab as the cronjob we created earlier should create an svn reposity and link it to the project for you.

If you have made it this far and everything is working as expected, then Congratulations!!! You have setup your very own Redmine server with Subversion integration.  If things are not working, I recommend looking at the HowTo’s other documentation at

Zend Framework offers a very robust solution for almost any kind of web site; however, there are times when all you want to do is connect to a database without the need for the rest of the framework.  Bellow I will show a quick example of how to connect to two different databases using the Zend_Db, Zend_Config_Ini, and Zend_Loader  classes.

First you need to define your ini file (make sure to store this file out side of the web root, mine is stored at /var/)

; PostgreSQL database connection info
db.pgsqlServer.adapter = PDO_PGSQL = server_ip_or_url
db.pgsqlServer.config.dbname = database_name
db.pgsqlServer.config.username = "dbuser"
db.pgsqlServer.config.password = "dbpassword"

; Microsoft SQL Server database connection info
db.mssqlServer.adapter = PDO_MSSQL
db.mssqlServer.config.pdoType = dblib = server_ip_or_url
db.mssqlServer.config.dbname = database_name
db.mssqlServer.config.username = "mssql_user"
db.mssqlServer.config.password = "mssql_password"

From the above ini file contents, there are a few things to take note of:

  1. You need to define the pdoType as dblib when connecting to MSSQL with the  PDO Adapter (the default type mssql is not available in the php5_sybase package)
  2. You can set driver_options (attributes) for the PDO connection, some of the attributes you can set are
    1. PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE = PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION             (throw exceptions)
    2. PDO::ATTR_PERSISTANT = true                                                  (make persistent connections)
    3. PDO::ATTR_DEFAULT_FETCH_MODE=PDO::FETCH_ASSOC   (return an associative array when fetching query result by default)

Next, create your php file that will be using the database connections. For this example, my php file is located at /var/www/example_project and the Zend libraries are located at include/libs/Zend

//set the include path for Zend Framework (the include path is not defined in php.ini)
set_include_path('include/libs' . PATH_SEPARATOR . get_include_path());

//Include the Zend_Loader class
require_once 'Zend/Loader.php';

//load the Zend classes for use

//load the configuration file
$config = new Zend_Config_Ini('/var/my_example.ini', 'production');

//try to connect to and work with the postgres database
     //connect to postgresql
     $dbh = Zend_Db::factory(

     //set the instructor id number to use for the query
     $instructorID = 1234;

     //define the query
     $sql = "SELECT Full_Name From Trained WHERE train_id = :idNumber";

     //prepare the query
     $stmt = $dbh->prepare($sql);

     //bind the instructor id as an integer data type to the query
     $stmt->bindParam(':idNumber', $instructorID, PDO::PARAM_INT);

     //execute the query

     //if an instructor with the given id exits
     if ($stmt->rowCount() > 0) {

         $row = $stmt->fetch(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);
         echo "The instructors full name is: ",$row['full_name'];

     //clear the statement
     $stmt = null;

     //close the database connection

catch (PDOException $e)
     //echo $e->getMessage();
     echo "There was an error querying the database";
catch (Zend_Db_Adapter_Exception $e)
     //echo $e->getMessage();
     echo "Unable to connect to the database";
catch (Exception $e)
     echo $e->getMessage();

In the above example, I only connected to and used the Postgres database since the code for using either database is almost exactly the same.  The only thing you would need to change in the above code to use the MSSQL database would be to change the pgsqlServer part in the Zend_Db::factory() parameters to mssqlServer.

In closeing the catch blocks at the bottom the php file do the following

  • PDOException – Catches any exception thrown by PDO while working with the database (in this example, this pertains to querying the database)
  • Zend_Db_Adapter_Exception – Catches any exception thrown while trying to connect to the database (or while using Zend_Db_Adapter, the $dbh variable)
  • Exception – Catches any other exceptions I missed